All about Aplastic Anaemia
Apr 11, 2023
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Apr 11, 2023
Our body continuously generates new blood cells to make up for the loss of old ones. A red blood cell produced by our body lasts for about 4 months, similarly, other white blood cells and platelets have definite time spans within which they need to be regenerated. Aplastic anaemia is a condition in which the body is not healthy enough to produce new blood cells. It may not necessarily impact the production of all three types of cells and may even affect either one or two of these. The condition can be acute or chronic. The former is sudden and abrupt whereas the latter may develop over the years. Expert specialising in bone marrow transplant in India suggests that if the blood count drops drastically, it can ever pose a serious threat to the patient's life. As such, the problem should not be taken lightly and you sure consider going for proper treatment, which includes medication or bone marrow transplant.
Who is more likely to get a bone marrow transplant?
As per the experts from the best hospital in India, there is no specific age or gender that makes you susceptible to bone marrow transplant. The problem can affect anyone, however, the incidents may vary, with teens and elderlies being highly vulnerable. Males and females are equally susceptible which clearly suggest that the problem does not affect a specific gender.
Getting familiar with different types of aplastic anaemia
Well, aplastic anaemia is broadly characterized into two different types - acquired aplastic anaemia and inherited aplastic anaemia. The former is more likely to affect others and is believed to be the result of immune system abnormalities. The latter is a result of faulty genes that are more likely to affect small children and teens. It has been found at inherited aplastic anaemia can increase the risks of developing leukaemia and other related cancer. It is due to this very reason that the patient suffering from the problem are required to go for regular medical assessments and examinations.
Symptoms that should not be overlooked
Each blood cell present in our body has an important role to play. The red cells are responsible for carrying oxygenated blood to different parts of the body, the white cells help us in fighting infections and the platelets help to prevent bleeding. Deficiency of any of these, which results from aplastic anaemia, can trigger symptoms like tiredness, breathlessness, dizziness, angina, arrhythmia, fever, infections, nose bleeds and bruising.
Common causes that you should know about
While raising awareness about aplastic anaemia, we cannot ignore the underlying causes. The most common cause is believed to be a faulty immune system that starts attacking your blood cells. Apart from this, there are many other factors that can lead to aplastic anaemia. These include:
Certain treatments like Radiation therapy and chemotherapy - Both treatments aim at destroying the malignant cells present in the bodies of cancer patients.
Overexposure to toxins - A lot of products that we use on a daily basis contain toxic chemicals. However certain products like pesticides and insecticides are highly toxic and overexposure to these can damage your blood cells leading to aplastic anaemia.
Certain medication and drugs - Almost all treatments come with certain side effects that you need to know about. Taking some medicines or drugs on a regular basis for a long period of time can drastically impact your blood cells, leading to aplastic anaemia.
Virus - Aplastic anaemia can also be a result of certain viral infections that can directly or indirectly target your blood cells.
Pregnancy - Some women are more likely to develop immune system disorders during pregnancy. This causes their immune system to attack their bone marrow, eventually resulting in aplastic anaemia.
Treatment for aplastic anaemia is possible, and if you are experiencing any of the symptoms it is important to see a doctor immediately. Bone marrow transplant cost in Pune is comparatively lower making it one of the best places to get the procedure done.