Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), means that you either need dialysis or a kidney transplant to live. Kidney transplant in Mumbai is regarded as the best treatment option for individuals facing kidney failure because it can raise your chances of living a longer, healthier life.
Kidney transplant in India is deemed safe and is generally very successful. A successful kidney transplant depends on various factors such as, how healthy you are before the transplant, taking care of yourself after your transplant, and meticulously following your doctors' advice after the transplant.
Why Do You Need a Kidney Transplant?
Your blood pressure can rise and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease) if your kidneys lose the filtering ability to remove harmful levels of fluid and waste from your body.
Standard explanations of end-stage kidney disease are:
- Persistent, uncontrollable high blood pressure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and consequent scarring of the minuscule filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Waste should be removed from the bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant in people who are suffering from end-stage renal disease.
Compared with dialysis, kidney transplant is correlated with:
- Good quality of life
- Lower risk of death
- Fewer dietary restrictions
- Lower treatment cost
- Only one kidney is needed to survive, and thus, it makes living-donor kidney transplantation an option.
For kidney transplant in Mumbai, visit the best kidney transplant hospital.
Types of Kidney Transplant
- Deceased-donor kidney transplant: Most people who have kidney transplants receive their new kidney from a deceased donor. A deceased donor is someone who has just expired. However, the kidney will only be given to you if it is healthy and likely to work in your body.
- Living-donor kidney transplant: A living donor kidney transplant is a surgery where a healthy kidney is given to you from someone who is still alive. A person with two healthy kidneys can contribute one kidney to a person with kidney failure. A living donor can be a friend, family member, or even a stranger!
- Paired kidney transplant: Paired kidney donation (or paired exchange) is a choice when you have a relative or acquaintance that is willing and able to be a kidney donor, but he or she is not a match for you. In a paired exchange, your relative or friend provides a kidney to someone who desires it, and that recipients' relative or friend offers his or her kidney to you.
Generally, kidney donor transplants last 15-20 years. How long your kidney will last depends on several factors, but the essential part is how nicely you take care of it.
How do you prepare For Kidney Transplant?
Preparing for transplant
To get ready for a kidney transplant, there are many steps that you have to take. For a kidney transplant in Mumbai, a transplant center will decide if you are ready for the kidney transplant. If the evaluation teams determine that you are ready, the next step will be to find a kidney match that your transplant team will help you with.
Finding a match
Following are the tests to determine whether a donated kidney is suitable for you:
- Blood typing: The doctor usually recommends kidney transplants from someone whose blood type matches or is compatible with your own. But with additional medical treatment before and after transplant, blood-type incompatible transplants are also used to reduce the risk of organ rejection.
- Tissue typing: After blood tests, the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing test compares genetic markers that raise the likelihood that the transplanted kidney will last a long time.
- Crossmatch: The test will identify whether antibodies in your blood will react against specific antigens in the donor's blood. A negative crossmatch implies that they are compatible, and your body isn't as likely to reject the donor's kidney. Positive crossmatch kidney transplants mean that transplant is possible but may require additional medical treatment before and after the transplant.
You should remain healthy and active while waiting for a kidney transplant. For a kidney transplant in India, keep in touch with your transplant team, and let them know of any significant changes in your health.
If you're waiting for a donated kidney, make yourself available at all times so that the transplant team knows how to reach you. Always, keep your packed hospital bag handy, and try to make arrangements for transportation to the transplant center in advance.
During the procedure
The surgical team will use general anesthesia, so you're not awake during the process. The team will perform a kidney transplant and monitor your blood pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen level.
After the procedure
After your kidney transplant in Mumbai, you can expect to:
- Spend several days to a week in the hospital, depending on your medical condition.
- Go for frequent check-ups as you continue recovering.
- Take medications for the rest of your life.
After a successful kidney transplant in India, your new kidney will filter your blood. You will be free of getting dialysis. You will need medications to suppress your immune system to prevent your body from rejecting your donor's kidney. Your doctor may prescribe antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal medicines because these anti-rejection medications make your body more vulnerable to infection.