Kidneys in our body help to remove waste, toxins, and extra fluid in our body. It helps to maintain electrolyte balance; controls blood pressure maintains water balance in the body, regulates potassium, pH, and salt levels, activates vitamin D, and cleanses the blood from toxins. The kidney filters the blood, collects all the waste, toxins, and extra fluid, and releases it in form of urine that gets excreted out of our system. Any damage to the kidneys might cause severe health-related issues. Inactive lifestyle, bad eating habits, excessive consumption of alcohol, consumption of drugs is a few of the major reasons for kidney diseases. Other problems such as accidents, injury, diabetes, high blood pressure, or family history of kidney disease are some other reasons for having kidney diseases. Most of the Kidney diseases attack the nephrons which are majorly responsible for all the filtration and cleansing of the blood. There are a few other kidneys problems such as cysts, stones, infections, or cancer that are responsible for affecting the function of kidneys.
Signs and symptoms in the case of kidney disease get unnoticed until the condition gets severe. Major symptoms are visible after the kidney has suffered damage for a long time. But in some cases, the symptoms can be noticed early as well, some of the symptoms include:
- Swelling in feet and ankles
- Pain while urinating
- Poor appetite
- Dry skin
- Frequent urination
- Muscle cramping
- Inability to concentrate
- Trouble in sleeping
- Change in urine color
The best doctor in India firstly physically examines the patients and asks for the symptoms the patient is experiencing and if there is any family history of kidney disease or not. It is based on the symptoms and physical examination that the doctor recommends the appropriate diagnostic test for the patient. Some of the diagnostic tests include
Urine Test: Urine test is the basic test that a doctor suggests in case of kidney-related problems. This test is done to see the presence of albumin in the urine. Albumin is a protein that is passed into the urine whenever the kidneys are damaged.
Blood creatinine test: It is a test to measure the level of creatinine in the blood. When there is a kidney issue the levels of creatinine in the blood increase.
Kidney Biopsy: Biopsy is a procedure in which cells or a part of the tissue is extracted from the required organ which is to be tested. It is then studied under a microscope to see the damage.
Glomerular filtration rate: This test is done to determine the damage to the kidney.
Ultrasound or Computed tomography: CT scan and ultrasound produces a clear image f the kidney that helps in identifying the exact problem including the structural difference of the kidneys.
The treatment of Kidney diseases depends upon the symptoms and condition of the patient. In order to start the treatment, the doctor has to maintain the sugar level, blood pressure, hormonal level, and cholesterol level of the body.
Dialysis is a treatment method used for patients with damaged kidneys that are incapable to filter the blood. The dialysis procedure is safe and widely used by doctors. There are two types of dialysis hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Kidney dialysis cost in Mumbai is quite reasonable and the facility is available in most of the hospitals.
Kidney Transplant: In severe cases, a kidney transplant becomes the only option for people with severe kidney damage or cancer conditions. In the case of a kidney transplant, it is necessary to match the acceptability of the new kidney with the body. In many cases, the body rejects the new kidney that creates life-threatening diseases. To eliminate such fatal conditions it is necessary to test the compatibility beforehand.
Jupiter Hospital is one of the best multi-specialty Hospital, which is famous for its world class treatment. We have a team of specialized doctors that provide the best Kidney transplant in India. For any query related to kidney diseases contact Jupiter Hospital for expert assistance.