Diseases and ailments related to the kidneys are not uncommon and these can affect people of any age group or gender. While some of these problems do not require any medical intervention and can be easily managed with simple lifestyle changes, others may even call for the need for surgery. In this blog, we have elaborated on some of the most common conditions that can affect your kidneys and interfere with their normal functioning, with the help of the experts offering the best kidney transplant in Mumbai.
- Chronic kidney disease - CKD is a potentially life-threatening condition marked by the gradual loss of renal function, over a long span of time. This is the result of an underlying disease or ailment, especially hypertension and diabetes. The risks of chronic kidney diseases are higher in elderly people, although they can affect people belonging to any age group. If not addressed properly, it can even lead to renal failure. As per the best doctors in Pune, patients with chronic kidney disease usually require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
- Diabetes - Kidney disease induced by diabetes happens to be the leading cause of Kidney failure accounting for nearly one-third of the total cases. The condition is marked by the increase of the blood glucose levels in the body which can be due to decreased production of insulin or the inability of the same to carry out its function, of helping the body cells absorb the glucose, efficiently. The excessive glucose in the blood can put an additional strain on the kidneys, making it difficult for them to carry out their function.
- Anorexia nervosa - It is an eating disorder, that has become extremely common in the past few years and is primarily a result of unrealistic body images that some people want to achieve. This gives rise to the fear of gaining extra pounds, as a result of which the person tends to restrict his/her calorie intake. This makes it difficult for them to meet their daily nutritional requirements, leading to the lack of proper hydration, electrolytes and salts, all of which are vital for normal renal function. Some people also tend to use laxatives as they tend to believe that this would have them get rid of the calories that they have eaten.
- Hypertension - It is commonly referred to as high blood pressure and as the name suggests, it refers to the increased pressure of blood in the blood vessels. Blood hypertension is broadly classified into two different types - primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. The former does not have any specific course and develops over a span of years, whereas the latter is a result of some underline medical condition or ailment. Hypertension can also affect the blood vessels connected to your kidneys, making it difficult for them to remove waste and extra fluids from the body.
- High cholesterol - Although high cholesterol levels are usually linked with heart problems, experts specialising in kidney transplants in Pune suggest that it can even damage the kidneys. When the cholesterol levels increase they can damage the blood vessels, leading to an obstruction that can hinder the flow of blood to the kidneys and deprive them of oxygen and other nutrients.
- Lupus - It is an autoimmune disease in which the patient's immune system targets the healthy organs and tissue. People with lupus tend to have joint pain, skin sensitivities and rashes. The symptoms usually vary from one person to another and while these can be mild in some cases, in others, they can be much more severe. When the immune system attacks the kidneys, it is commonly referred to as lupus nephritis.
To know more about the conditions that can affect your kidneys, and to explore the various treatment options available for the same, you can consult the expert from the best hospital in Pune today.