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Prediabetes is a condition marked by slightly elevated blood sugar levels, which are not high enough for you to be diagnosed with type II diabetes. It could be said that prediabetes is an indication that you are heading towards the latter and as such it is alarming and something you should not ignore. Prediabetes has also been linked with the increased risks of several other serious health issues such as cardiovascular diseases and stroke. As per the National Urban Diabetes Survey, prediabetes affects 14 per cent of the Indian population, with the risk being higher in people who are obese or above 45 years of age.

What is blood sugar level?

Commonly referred to as blood glucose, is the most important source of energy in our body, which is derived from the food that we eat. Our blood sugar level refers to the amount of blood sugar that is present in our blood and when this level is very high the person is said to be diabetic.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is it condition when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but slightly less than what should be in the case of a person with prediabetes. So you are basically on the borderline. The best doctors in India suggest that while many people think that prediabetes is not as dangerous as diabetes itself, leaving the problem unmarried for a very long time can expose your organs to excessive sugar, which your body is not able to process. This can put an additional strain on them and even lead to a gradual loss of function.

Signs that could be an indication of prediabetes:

Even though the idea of regular preventive health checks are becoming more and more popular nowadays, experts from the best nephrology hospital in Thane suggest that there are still many people who rather wait for the symptoms to pop up. Here is a list of some common symptoms that are likely to be experienced by a person suffering from pre-diabetes.

  • Blurring of vision
  • Having cold hands and feet
  • Feeling thirsty every now in then
  • Having dryness in your mouth
  • Excessive and frequent urges to urinate
  • Being overly anxious and nervous
  • Feeling of itchiness all over your body
  • Having a tingling or burning sensation in your extremities
  • Increased vulnerability to infections and diseases
  • Development of dark patches on the skin
  • Unexplained loss or gain of weight
  • Reduced healing capacity

If you have been experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor immediately and get yourself evaluated for prediabetes. Apart from the medication and treatment that is prescribed on diagnosis, you also need to inculcate some healthy practices into your day-to-day life, to reverse your prediabetes and prevent it from becoming type II diabetes.

  • Start by having clean meals - Clean here does not mean hygienic but healthy. Avoid all kinds of processed food items as these are loaded with calories and sugar. You also need to lower the consumption of meat. Your meals should be a combination of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, white meat and healthy fats.
  • Add physical activities to your routine - Staying active will help to increase your body's need for energy as well as boost insulin sensitivity.
  • Keep your weight under check - Obesity is one of the leading rest factors for prediabetes and the best nephrologists in Pune suggest that losing even 5 to 10 per cent of body fat can help to significantly improve the blood glucose levels of a person.
  • Refrain from smoking as it not only puts you at a higher risk of developing various serious cardiovascular ailments and lung problems but has also been listed as a risk factor for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
  • Increase your water intake - Keeping yourself properly hydrated with health to flush out excess glucose from your blood. Avoid drinks and beverages that are loaded with sugar.

If you wish to know more about prediabetes and its management, consult the experts from the best hospital in India today.