The human spinal cord is composed of a series of small bones called vertebrae which are stacked upon one another. The top part (cervical region) comprises 7 bones, the middle (thoracic region) is made up of 12 bones, and the lower part (lumbar region) has 5 bones, followed by 2 basal bones: sacrum and coccyx. All these bones have discs (rubbery pads) in between to absorb shock from daily activities like twisting, walking, and lifting weight.
Back pain is a leading cause of disability in most individuals. But with certain measures, this pain can be relieved or prevented from happening. Proper treatments and proper body mechanics can help the person heal from back pain in some weeks and allow better functioning of the spinal column. Surgery is performed in extreme cases or in accidental cases to treat back pain. The best team Spine Surgery Specialists in Pune at Jupiter Hospital are experts in providing the most advanced treatment that can help one to get relief from pain and enjoy a pain-free healthy life.
Causes of Spinal Pain:
Common conditions that lead to back or spinal pain include:
- Sprain or strain: Spinal pain in the cervical and lumbar regions are mostly felt by individuals when there is a sprain (unusual stretching of ligaments) or muscle strains (abnormal stretching or tearing of muscle fibers) in those areas. These spinal parts are prone to pain as they can bear weight and are involved in most body movements like twisting and bending. A sudden spinal injury or a gradual overuse of the spine can result in cervical or lumbar spinal pain. A pain is felt when the sudden strain or stretch causes inflammation of soft tissues. Having a poor physique and experiencing a constant strain at the back can lead to very painful muscle spasms. The thoracic spine is more rigid and is less often injured, hence making it rarely the site of pain.
- Slipped/Herniated/Prolapsed Spinal Discs: This occurs when the gelatinous, soft inner part of the discs bulge out of the tough outer ring or ruptures and compress one of the spinal nerves. It results in pain or discomfort. A person may also feel numbness in the affected nerve site. Pain often extends to legs or arms and worsen while sitting or standing. Even certain body movements and walking for a shorter distance can cause pain.
- Osteoporosis: It is a health condition wherein bones get brittle and porous. The vertebrae of the spine can get fractured in osteoporosis and lead to excruciating back pain.
- Arthritis: In the neck and lower back, osteoarthritis (a condition wherein the protective cartilage acting as a cushion at the bone ends gets worn) can result in spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal). This condition is also painful.
How can Spinal pain be treated?
A person with spinal pain caused by strain, sprain, or disc herniation leading to neural compressions is recommended to complete bed rest for a brief period or diminished physical activity (at least for one to three days). Prolonged bed rest is not advised as it may cause more muscle stiffness or loss of muscle strength.
Initially, mild or moderate spinal pain is treated by prescribing anti-inflammatory medications. For severe pain, narcotics and muscle relaxants are usually given.
The physician may also recommend the patient to go for physical therapy. The therapist will evaluate the spinal condition in-depth by diagnostic tests and then plan the suitable treatment. Some of the physical therapies to treat spinal pain includes:
- Cold and Heat therapy
- Gentle massage
- Pelvic traction
- Stretching exercises
- Electrical muscle stimulation
Surgical approach offered at Jupiter Hospital:
Disc arthroplasty: In case of slipped or diseased discs of the lumbar or cervical region, disc arthroplasty (artificial disc surgery) is usually performed to restore spinal mobility. In such a procedure, an artificial disc made up of a plastic core between two titanium plates is screwed at the replacement site to lock into the spine.
Discectomy: It includes the anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (performed from through the front neck part) and microdiscectomy or other minimally invasive techniques for lumbar disc herniation.
Laminotomy: An invasive procedure to create an opening in the lamina of vertebrae for having operation access to remove disc herniation or bone spurs and relieve the pressure on nerve fibers.
Laminectomy: It is carried out along with discectomy or without it to excise bony arch or vertebrae lamina for decompression of neural elements.
Spinal fusion: It is a stabilizing surgical procedure for treating disc collapse and spinal instability. In this treatment, a bone graft is harvested from the patient and placed in or onto the spine to form a strong union between one or two vertebrae. The internal graft helps in providing support for natural fusion and maturation of the injured spine.
Contact now with the best spine pain treatment doctors at Jupiter Hospital to get the most advanced and safe spine pain treatment in Mumbai.