Bacterial Endocarditis: All You Need to Know
Apr 13, 2023
Apr 13, 2023
Bacterial endocarditis is a condition marked by inflammation in the endocardium, i.e. the inner lining of the heart and the heart valves. Though the condition is not very common, it should not be taken for granted as it can induce serious damage to your child’s heart. The condition is triggered when the bacteria present in the blood enter the heart and infect it. The symptoms are somewhat similar to those of common flu. As per the best paediatric cardio surgeons in Pune, mild infections can be easily treated with the help of antibiotics, however, if the treatment is delayed, it can give rise to serious complications. Hence it is very important to look out for the following symptoms:
Wondering how these bacteria enter your child’s body?
Experts from the leading child cardiology hospital in Mumbai suggest that there are a couple of ways in which these bacteria can enter into your little one’s body. This may be a result of a medical procedure or surgery involving the respiratory, gastrointestinal, or urinary tract. The bacteria might also enter the blood during tonsil or adenoid removal surgery.
It has been found that children with an already existing heart problem are at an increased risk of developing bacterial endocarditis. Your child will be at an increased risk of developing bacterial endocarditis if he/she has any of the following:
How is bacterial endocarditis diagnosed in a child?
The diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis involves a series of tests. The doctors will start by assessing your child’s medical history and ask some questions related to the same. A physical examination will be carried out for better evaluation. Other tests which may be recommended by the doctor include:
What are the treatment options available?
The treatment varies from one child to another depending upon various factors that include the age of the patient, symptoms experienced, adversity of the infection, and the child’s general health.
Medications – There are used to treat mild cases of bacterial endocarditis and include antibiotics, which are usually given intravenously. These medicines can be given in the hospital or at home.
Surgery – Surgery is recommended in case of severe endocarditis. It involves the replacement of the infected valve with a prosthetic one.
Why shouldn’t the condition be left untreated?
Bacterial endocarditis, if left untreated, can lead to various life-threatening complications like
Hence, it is important to seek immediate medical intervention and get your child evaluated from the best child specialist in Pune as soon as possible.
How can you bring down the risks?
Though you cannot completely negate the risks of bacterial endocarditis, you can alleviate the same by following these simple tips;