Spine Pain: Causes and Treatment
Apr 13, 2023
Apr 13, 2023
The human spinal cord is composed of a series of small bones called vertebrae which are stacked upon one another. The top part (cervical region) comprises 7 bones, the middle (thoracic region) is made up of 12 bones, and the lower part (lumbar region) has 5 bones, followed by 2 basal bones: sacrum and coccyx. All these bones have discs (rubbery pads) in between to absorb shock from daily activities like twisting, walking, and lifting weight.
Back pain is a leading cause of disability in most individuals. But with certain measures, this pain can be relieved or prevented from happening. Proper treatments and proper body mechanics can help the person heal from back pain in some weeks and allow better functioning of the spinal column. Surgery is performed in extreme cases or in accidental cases to treat back pain. The best team Spine Surgery Specialists in Pune at Jupiter Hospital are experts in providing the most advanced treatment that can help one to get relief from pain and enjoy a pain-free healthy life.
Causes of Spinal Pain:
Common conditions that lead to back or spinal pain include:
How can Spinal pain be treated?
A person with spinal pain caused by strain, sprain, or disc herniation leading to neural compressions is recommended to complete bed rest for a brief period or diminished physical activity (at least for one to three days). Prolonged bed rest is not advised as it may cause more muscle stiffness or loss of muscle strength.
Initially, mild or moderate spinal pain is treated by prescribing anti-inflammatory medications. For severe pain, narcotics and muscle relaxants are usually given.
The physician may also recommend the patient to go for physical therapy. The therapist will evaluate the spinal condition in-depth by diagnostic tests and then plan the suitable treatment. Some of the physical therapies to treat spinal pain includes:
Surgical approach offered at Jupiter Hospital:
Disc arthroplasty: In case of slipped or diseased discs of the lumbar or cervical region, disc arthroplasty (artificial disc surgery) is usually performed to restore spinal mobility. In such a procedure, an artificial disc made up of a plastic core between two titanium plates is screwed at the replacement site to lock into the spine.
Discectomy: It includes the anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (performed from through the front neck part) and microdiscectomy or other minimally invasive techniques for lumbar disc herniation.
Laminotomy: An invasive procedure to create an opening in the lamina of vertebrae for having operation access to remove disc herniation or bone spurs and relieve the pressure on nerve fibers.
Laminectomy: It is carried out along with discectomy or without it to excise bony arch or vertebrae lamina for decompression of neural elements.
Spinal fusion: It is a stabilizing surgical procedure for treating disc collapse and spinal instability. In this treatment, a bone graft is harvested from the patient and placed in or onto the spine to form a strong union between one or two vertebrae. The internal graft helps in providing support for natural fusion and maturation of the injured spine.